Feminism is spoken of with restraint, caution, and in a very general way, without knowing that there is a history of centuries ago, supported by people who have courageously assumed the desire to be pioneers for a noble desideratum – how more rights for women.
Feminism differs depending on the historical epoch, the context that generated the needs for which it was commented, the geographical space, the supporters who promote it. We will not apologize for any kind of feminism here, but we will review them quickly to find out which type of feminism best suits your nephews.
According to Wikipedia, this type of feminism is a form of feminist political theory that focuses on equal rights for women and men, the recognition of women as full citizens, and their emancipation and self-assertion.
Liberal feminism is part of the feminism of the first wave and, depending on the historical stages crossed, it is of two types: classical liberal and contemporary. Proponents of liberal feminism argue that women are mistakenly seen in society as predominantly emotional, dependent, vulnerable, closer to nature, vulnerable, and dependent, in contrast to men, who are considered more intellectually and physically capable, and more rational. Liberal feminism promotes the individual right of all citizens, regardless of gender, to life, liberty, education and property.
Contemporary liberal feminism criticizes the idea of a social contract in which men are the only contractors, arguing that the traditional social contract is an instrument of gender, race, and social class exclusion.
I-feminism is a recent field of feminism that focuses on the individuality of women, on the possibility of making individual choices. I-feminism activists feel that every woman is responsible for her life, her status and her choices. I believe in the power of everyone to build their lives and in the responsibility of their own choices. She does not expect to be “given” by the government or other institutions, but believes that any woman can achieve her personal goals.
Feminist radicalism reached its peak in the period 1967-1975. Many of the rights that women enjoy today are the result of civic activism during this period. Radical feminism revolts against the idea that a woman should submit to a man.
This type of feminism argues that racism and gender discrimination are two sides of the same coin. The liberation of black women from oppression would ensure the equality of all, according to the supporters of this current that proclaims itself “womanists”. Activists believe that if women of color succeed in the process of emancipation, it would implicitly entail the release of all women, the elimination of racial discrimination, and discrimination on economic grounds.
Socialist and Marxist feminism
This type of feminism considers that the status of oppression comes from unequal treatment both at work and at home. According to socialist feminists, financial and personal exploitation, the institution of marriage, childbirth and childcare, prostitution and domestic work are tools of women’s degradation in a male-dominated society. They believe in the kind of work that leads to reforms in society as a whole and not at the individual or community level.
This type of feminism is known as the feminine Paradise, because it often refers to the matriarchal social order, intensely idealized.
The theory of this current stems from the fact that women have been ruthlessly exploited for centuries, and now they must be protected, just like Mother Nature. Ecofeminism is a combination of ecology and feminism, which is based on the symbolic relationship between the oppression of women and the destruction of the environment. The destruction of nature and the oppression of women in society are inextricably linked. According to this theory, the way men control and destroy the environment for their benefit and pleasure is similar to the way they control and exploit women. A protected and balanced nature is related to the protection of women’s rights
Materialist individualist feminism
The militants of this current are against the “second job”, unrecognized and unpaid – that of housework, left exclusively to the woman. They refuse to be perfect housewives, claiming that the tasks of maintaining the home and the children belong equally to men and women. She also believes that women have the right to material autonomy and to have their own income and property. This type of feminism begins at the end of the century. 19th century with the “Great Domestic Revolution” of women, led by Charlotte Perkins Gilman.
Cultural feminism is a variety of feminism that emphasizes the essential differences between men and women, based on biological differences in reproductive capacity. It refers to a “feminine nature” or a “feminine essence” and tries to redefine and re-evaluate the specific attributes of femininity.
It is based on the model of the heroines of ancient Mythology, the “arrows” who aimed on horseback with great precision and who, in order to fix the bow more easily, cut their breasts. The main feature of the current refers to the equality of man and woman in terms of physical abilities; followers of this current oppose discrimination on physical grounds and advocate for equal access for women to jobs, considered the prerogative of men on the grounds of physical and emotional resilience;
Feminist separatism is the theory that feminist opposition to patriarchy can be achieved by separating women from men. We are talking about a feminist minority – separatist feminists, those who believe that feminism should focus exclusively on women and girls and completely exclude men from the movement.