Latin America is an example of success in implementing feminist public policies in a country with a deeply patriarchal past that implemented change at all levels. The good practices that worked in Chile, Brazil, and Cuba can be a source of inspiration to implement them in Romania at the level of equal opportunities and women’s empowerment.
Chile has the largest street feminist movement and activism
On November 25th they are always in the street to demonstrate peacefully with the authorities. Chile succeeded to change mentalities, and laws and working well with the authorities. In comparison to Romania, they do not interfere with them and don’t create obstacles.
At the initiative of the Chilean Embassy in Romania, along with The Committee of Equal Opportunities for Women and Men of the Chamber of Deputies of Romania, took place the Conference „Equal Opportunities for Women and Men: Legislations and Best Practices in Romania and Latin America”. The event was held in collaboration with the Romanian Agency for Equality of Opportunities Between Women and Men (ANES), the Embassy of Brazil in Romania and the Embassy of Cuba in Romania.
It is expected to launch a Communication Campaign to make it visible and reinforce awareness for the International Day for the Elimination of Violence against Women.
Feminist Foreign Policy is about how you can move from debate and speeches to action. H. E. Ms. Pia Busta, the Ambassador of Chile talked about the importance of changing mentalities in a profound patriarchal world. She presented a short history of the main laws in Chile’s gender equality history.
On an international level, on December 1989 it was the Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination against Women.
On November 1998, The Republic of Chile promulgates the Inter-American Convention to Prevent, Punish and Eradicate Violence Against Women.
On January 2010, Chile joined OECD, then on May 2021, Chile entered the Optional Protocol to the Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination against Women.
On October 2022, Chile becomes for the fourth time a member of the UN Human Rights Council.
On the national level, in 2005, Chile created the National Institute of Human Rights and established the Domestic Violence Law.
In 2009, Chile promulgated the Law that protects the right to equality in payment between women and men and in 2015 implemented the Quota Law that establishes that in all of the candidacies for deputy or senator declared by political parties, neither male nor female candidates may exceed 60% of the entire amount, that is, none may be less than 40%. This law will be applied between 2017 and 2029. It replaces the Binomial Electoral System with one of an inclusive proportional nature and strengthens the representativeness of the National Congress.
In 2015 creates the Ministry of Women and Gender Equality.
In 2019 modifies the Penal Code to classify and punish the crime of sexual harassment in public spaces and established protection measures for breastfeeding.
In 2020, Chile promulgated the Gabriela Law which expands the legal framework of femicide.
In 2021, Chile established the representation of gender in the boards of public companies. People of the same gender may not exceed 60% of the total members of the boards of public companies. Regarding boards of directors made up of 3 members, people of the same gender may not exceed 2.
In 2021 – February 7 was declared as the National Day for Non-violence in a women-men relationship.
Regarding child care, in 2021 Chile created the National Registry of Alimony Debtors and refined the alimony payment system. On October 2011, Chile incorporated Parental Postnatal Leave, for fathers’ use.
H.E. Pia Busta, Ambassador of Chile, was accompanied by Silvana Polich, Chargee d’Affairs of the Embassy of Brasil, and Lorena Fries Monleon – a member of Parliament of the Chilean Chamber of Deputies of Chile, is a feminist lawyer, politician and specialist in Human Rights.
Romania was represented by Luminița Popescu (secretary of state, Romanian Agency for Equal Opportunities for Women and Men – ANES), Dan Tanasă (member of Parliament, President of the Committee for Equal Opportunities for Women and Men of the Chamber of Deputies), Mara Daniela Calista (member of Parliament, Vice president of the Committee for Equal Opportunities for Women and Men of the Chamber of Deputies), Anca Dragu, vice-president of USR, Oana Țoiu, president of the Committee for Youth and Sports in the Chamber of Deputies, deputy from Bucharest and member of the National Bureau of USR, Georgeta Carmen Holban (member of Parliament, Vice President of the Committee for Equal Opportunities for Women and Men of the Chamber of Deputies.